Periodontal Regeneration - Chicago, IL

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"Relieving Pain With a Sinus Lift & Bone Graft."

The Use of Biologics to Regenerate Oral Health

Healing is a complex process that involves organization of cells, biochemical triggers, and extracellular matrix synthesis for repair of tissue. Extensive studies have established the role of different biologics in wound healing. In the past decade, periodontal regeneration and dental implants have become more predictable and successful, largely due to the adjunctive use of biologics. At Millennium Periodontics, we use several evidence-based, proven biologics for periodontal regeneration in Chicago, IL, including the procedures ridge augmentation, sinus augmentation, and socket preservation.

Extensive studies have established the role of different biologics in wound healing

blood cells graphic

Platelet-Rich Fibrin (PRF-2)

Platelets in your blood contain a high concentration of essential growth factors that stimulate cell growth to support wound healing. PRF is derived from your blood to produce a fibrin clot consisting of platelets, growth factors, and cytokines necessary to produce rapid healing and efficient regeneration. PRF offers many advantages over platelet-rich plasma (PRP), an older biologic. PRF produces stronger results because it contains greater concentrations of leukocytes (white blood cells), platelets, and specific stem cells not found in PRP. Healing leukocytes impart a controlled inflammatory response that targets problem areas, stem cells help regenerate new cells, and platelets stimulate collagen production and rejuvenation. In addition, PRF releases growth factors from platelets slower than PRP, resulting in healing taking a few hours instead of a few days. PRF is created in a three-step, easy process. First, we collect a simple blood draw in test tubes. Then we spin the tubes for five minutes in a centrifuge. The top portions of the centrifuged tubes are drawn up to obtain the PRF that is placed over the treated area to promote healing.

GEM 21S®

This completely synthetic grafting system for bone and periodontal regeneration is composed of a purified recombinant growth factor (PDGF) and a synthetic calcium phosphate matrix. PDGF is a native protein constituent of blood platelets and tissue growth factor released at the injury site during blood clotting. Clinical studies of this graft material demonstrate it’s capable of simultaneously promoting wound healing, regeneration of bone, and acceleration of gingival (gum) attachment for challenging periodontal defects and associated gum recession, extraction sockets, and jaw bone atrophy.

Straumann® Emdogain®

This unique and easy to apply gel contains an enamel matrix derivative which is a mixture of natural proteins that can induce the biological processes that usually occur during development of the periodontium. This structure that supports your teeth consists of periodontal ligament, cementum, gingiva, and alveolar bone. When applied to cleaned tooth root surfaces, the protein composition in Emdogain is able to induce regeneration of all periodontal tissues.

Keys to Successful Periodontal Regenerative Outcomes

Regenerative Gum Disease Treatments

First, we take a panoramic X-ray or 3-D CT scan to study the anatomy of your jaw and additional areas, depending on your case. After this information is analyzed, we devise a personalized treatment plan to determine the best approach, including whether to use biologics to enhance healing. These procedures are typically performed under local anesthesia, but we also offer several sedation options for your ultimate comfort and peace of mind.

This common procedure helps recreate the natural contour of the gums and jaw after bone loss resulting from a tooth extraction or another reason. The alveolar ridge of the jaw is the bone that surrounds the roots of your teeth. After a tooth is extracted, an empty socket is left in the alveolar ridge bone. While this usually heals on its own by filling in with bone and tissue, sometimes the bone surrounding the socket breaks and won’t heal. Although rebuilding the original height and width of the alveolar ridge may not be medically necessary, it may be required for dental implant placement or recommended aesthetic purposes. Dental implants require adequate bone to support the structure. During this procedure, bone grafting material is replaced in and around your tooth socket to rebuild the original height and width of the bone. Next, gum tissue is placed over the socket and secured with sutures.

This common procedure is performed to grow bone in your upper jaw (maxilla) in the area of the posterior premolar and molar teeth. When these upper teeth are removed, often only a thin wall of bone separates the maxillary sinuses from your mouth. The bone left behind is usually inadequate to support dental implants. First, a small incision is made in the premolar or molar region to expose your jaw bone. A small opening is cut into the bone and the membrane lining the sinus is pushed upward. We fill the underlying space with bone grafting material, either from your own body or another source. After the bone is implanted, the incision is sutured and the recovery process begins. After several months of healing, the bone integrates (fuses) with your jaw, enabling dental implants to be securely place in the newly formed sinus bone.
Our periodontists use a variety of techniques to preserve the bone and minimize bone loss after tooth extraction. But sometimes when a tooth is extracted, the surrounding bone can deteriorate and disappear. Wider extraction sockets (e.g. molars) necessitate more time for bone healing and growth than single-rooted sites. Like the above procedures, socket preservation is a type of bone grafting that protects and preserves the impacted bone until dental implants can be placed. During this procedure, extraction sockets are filled with a bone substitute material and or sealed with membranes. In addition to protecting the tooth socket from bone erosion, socket preservation can also correct or remedy any deformity impacting the socket, prevent the painful condition dry socket in which the blood clot over the extraction site gets knocked out of place, and prevent shifting of surrounding teeth.

Heal your gums with the power of biologics!

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