Causes of Gum Recession
Ginvival recession (aka gum recession) is a widespread problem that dentists diagnose and treat on a regular basis.   Once the cause of the recession has been identified, surgical or non non-surgical options may be discussed to halt the gum reession and prevent it from re-occurring in the future.

Some common causes:
Do you often Brushing too hard or brushing with a hard-bristled toothbrush can erode the tooth enamel at the gum line, and irritate or inflame gum tissue.

  • Brushing too hard – Do you brush with a hard tooth brush head?  Or do you aggressively brush?    Doing so may cause irritation and/or damage at the tooth’s gum line.
  • Poor oral hygiene – When brushing and flossing are performed improperly or not at all, a plaque build up can begin to affect the teeth.  The plaque contains various bacterial toxins which can promote infection and erode the underlying jawbone.
  • Chewing tobacco – Any kind of tobacco use has devastating effects on the entire oral cavity. Chewing tobacco in particular, aggravates the gingival lining of the mouth and causes gum recession if used continuously.
  • Periodontal disease – Periodontal disease can be a result of improper oral hygiene or caused by systemic diseases such as diabetes.  The excess sugars in the mouth and narrowed blood vessels experienced by diabetics create a perfect environment for oral bacteria.  The bacterium causes an infection which progresses deeper and deeper into the gum and bone tissue, eventually resulting in tooth loss.


Treatment of Gum Recession
Every patient is different and so is their gingival recession.  We’ll discuss your individual diagnosis and treatment to help yield the best possible results.

If your brushing techniques are eroding the gum line, a softer toothbrush and a gentler brushing technique may be recommended.  Patients may also require prophylaxis (professional dental cleaning) to better clean the gums’ pockets from debris which may cause bacteria.  In the event of severe the case of a severe calculus (tartar) build up, scaling and root planing will be performed to heal the gingival inflammation and clean the teeth.

Once the cause of the gingival recession has been addressed, surgery of a more cosmetic or restorative nature may be recommended.  Gum tissue regeneration and gum grafting are two excellent ways to restore natural symmetry to the gums and make the smile look more aesthetically pleasing.